手机网
关键词
首页>>正文

CLARITY-TIMI:Prehospital fibrinolysis with dual antiplatelet therapy in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction: a substudy of the randomized double blind CLARITY-TIMI 28 trial.
[2007/3/6 0:00:00]
 全文(共1页)

Department of Cardiology, 670 Cardiology, Heartcenter, University Medical Center St. Radboud, 10 Geert Grooteplein Zuid, Nijmegen, 6525, The Netherlands, f.verheugt@cardio.umcn.nl.

BACKGROUND: Fibrinolytic therapy for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is frequently limited by delays in administration and by incomplete reperfusion or reocclusion of the infarct-related artery. Intensified prehospital management of STEMI may shorten time to treatment and improve outcomes.

METHODS: We carried out a prospective substudy in 11 ambulance systems in 216 of the 3,491 patients with STEMI who were enrolled in the CLARITY-TIMI 28 trial. They were randomized in the ambulance to clopidogrel (n = 109) or placebo (n = 107) along with fibrinolysis, aspirin, and heparin. The primary endpoint was the composite of an occluded infarct-related artery (TIMI flow grade 0 or 1), or death or recurrent myocardial infarction before angiography.

RESULTS: All patients received a fibrin-specific lytic and the baseline characteristics in both groups were comparable. The incidence of the primary endpoint was 16.5% in the clopidogrel-treated and 27.1% in the placebo patients (adj OR 0.62, 95% CI 0.31-1.21, p = 0.16), an effect that was consistent with the effects seen in the in-hospital patients in the main CLARITY-TIMI 28 trial. Prehospital clopidogrel therapy reduced the incidence of an occluded infarct-related artery on the predischarge angiogram (11.8% vs. 22.3%, adj OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.24-1.13, p = 0.10). The 30-day incidence of cardiovascular death, recurrent MI or recurrent myocardial ischemia requiring urgent revascularization was 12.8% vs. 14.0% (adj OR 1.07, 95% CI 0.48-2.39, p = 0.87). Early TIMI major bleeding occurred in no clopidogrel patients compared with two placebo patients (1.9%).

CONCLUSIONS: Addition of clopidogrel to medical reperfusion of STEMI with fibrinolysis, heparin, and aspirin before reaching the hospital is feasible in medically equipped ambulances without an apparent increase in bleeding. Furthermore, prehospital clopidogrel tended to show better early coronary patency compared to placebo, a result consistent with that observed in patients randomized in-hospital in the CLARITY-TIMI 28 trial.




 
更多热点
更多   心血管   相关搜索
声明:登陆《国际循环》手机网不收业务信息费,只产生运营商收取的上网流量费。
返回顶端| About Us | 客服中心 |收藏本站
WapURL手机网址(wap.icirculation.com)